As the tension between two nuclear powers India and Pakistan is at an all-time high, both the countries are being asked to exercise restraint by foreign powers like European Union, China and France.
Pakistan claims to have shot down two Indian warplanes and to have captured two pilots, while India claims to have released payload on terrorist camps in Pakistan with heavy casualties. Both the countries are refuting each otherâ€™s claims while Pakistan has also released a video of Indian Wing Commander Abhinandan who has been captured by Pakistan forces.
The tensions escalated after a suicide car bomber attacked a military convoy in Jammu and Kashmir killing over 40 CRPF personnel. This tension is feared to further escalate into a full-fledged war which will be mutually destructive for both the nations as both India and Pakistan are believed to possess more than 100 nuclear warheads each and have successfully tested atomic weapons.
The flight activity over Pakistan has been completely suspended while many airports in India have also put their air activity on hold. This tussle has also affected many International flights having transit through India and Pakistan.
Pakistan has announced the suspension of Samjhauta Express as a means of declaring apprehension towards the neighboring country. The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists warns that “computer models have predicted that the physical impacts of a nuclear exchange between India and Pakistan, or even a single strike on a large city would be devastating, and would reverberate throughout the world”.
The India-Pakistan dispute over Kashmir is unresolved since the last 70 years when the sub-continent gained Independence from the British Colonialism. India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir issue in 1947, 1965 and 1999 respectively resulting in huge loss of lives. It also needs to be mentioned that Indiaâ€™s defense budget is around 5 times the defense budget of Pakistan while India is also the worldâ€™s fifth biggest defence spender, surpassing the United Kingdom.