14th November is celebrated as Children’s Day on the birthday of first Prime Minister of Indian Republic, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru who was committed to the ideals of education, secularism, pluralism and democracy. It is essential to look back at his ideals and admire his undeterred struggle for a stronger India.
Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was born in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. He was the son of a famous barrister Pt. Motilal Nehru. Pt. Nehru has stated that he was privileged as a student. As he started reaching adulthood, he got interested in the history of Buddhism, Hinduism and the Indian subcontinent culture as a whole. He was highly motivated by the Japanese victory over Russia in the Russo-Japanese war and he adopted nationalistic principles from this victory. Pt. Nehru had an academic temperament and was always curious about the world politics and socio-cultural differences between different nations. He was an ardent reader, and much of his political understanding was shaped based upon his hobby of reading.
Jawaharlal Nehru spent 3295 days of his life in jail which is about 9 years. He was treated as the enemy of the state by the British Empire and was constantly sent to jail for protesting and inciting the masses to overturn the British regime in India.
Jawaharlal Nehru was seen as the prime leader of the Indian independence, and his words were marked as the words of the major Indian populace. He faced staunch opposition from Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, who was critical of his approach and view of the future India. Despite opposition from several other leaders, Nehru remained undeterred. And under his leadership Nehru and Congress won majority of seats in 1937, during the elections. The victory in the elections further solidified Nehru’s status as the future leader of India. He aced the elections and became the leading voice for the Indians against the British Empire.
Nehru crafted his own form of socialism, often cited as the Nehruvian socialism. Such was his intellectual capacity that a whole ideology is named after him. Nehru was deeply influenced by Marxist ideals, although he didn’t encourage the methods adopted by Marxist leaders of his time. Nehru supported the model of Karl Marx and saw that the proletariat, the working class of India is subjected to oppression both by British and Indian elitists or bourgeoisie. This was the basic reason why he supported certain Marxist principles but he was well aware of the Indian conditions and his model of socialism was driven to quell the unassailable amount of poverty in India.
Nehru, despite being a political leader, had high interest in science. He even coined the term “scientific temperament”, which denotes and encourages rationality among masses. He wanted Indians to have informed opinions after engaging in logical discourse. He also advocated for constant inquiry of the world around us, and his views were based on logic and reason. He wanted to instill the tenets of “scientific temperament” deeply in the mind of Indians, so that the country can develop at a faster pace.